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Sunday, July 7, 2013

Triangulation as a Features of Participatory Rapid Appraisal or Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)

The Triangulation as a Features of Participatory Rapid Appraisal or Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA):
Triangulation is the process of collecting information from three different sources involving multi-disciplinary
team and using multiple techniques. It is a cross-checking mechanism to ensure reliability of data.

Multi-Disciplinary Team
The team involve in using PRA must include peoples from both sexes- male and female with different educational background and skills. This helps evaluators to obtain a more comprehensive picture.

Mixing of Techniques:
In PRA, use of one technique is not enough for any purpose. A variety of tools and techniques are used in PRA as appropriate to the subject of study.

Flexibility and Informality
PRA is flexible and informal as per context and situation of the study. The PRA plan, tools and techniques are always revisable depending on the situation in the practical field. This enables evaluators to follow through if the fieldwork leads to any unexpected outcomes.

In the Community
The arrangement, conduction and analysis of PRA exercise is usually executed in the community with the active participation of the community people.

Appropriate Estimation
PRA use estimation rather measurement and try to avoid unnecessary collection of too much information to measure progress or change. The approach encourages people to use their own estimation and judgement about changes, progress and achievements.

On-The Spot-Analysis
The findings from PRA exercise are instantly analyzed in the field with active participation of the community people. The PRA team constantly reviews and refines the data and information until the findings are finalized. Therefore learning take place in the field. No analysis is encouraged in the office after return from the field.

Self-critical Approach
The PRA team should analyze and avoid their self-biases. They should try to see how their perceptions influence the analysis and interpretation of information. They should be careful not to drag the analysis in favor of their expected ways and findings. They should try best to remain neutral and try to know:

•    What are the underlying causes?
•    What is fact? What is myth?
•    What people speak through body language?