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Thursday, July 11, 2013

Purpose, Method, Steps and Expected outputs of Participatory Resource Mapping

Purpose, Method, Steps and Expected outputs of Participatory Resource Mapping
Purpose
The participatory resource mapping is conducted to obtain an overview of the resources available with the community in the form of social, economical, demographical, geographical details of the area where the
community lives.

Method
A suitable central place is located where a large group can assessable. The community members are asked to draw out their village on the ground using color powders or other locally materials available. They have to be asked to imagine how their village or settlement would look to a bird flying over the village and then draw it out showing all the various resources like roads, houses, fields, forests, ponds, etc. The facilitators should make it a point not to direct what s to be presented and how, but just keep asking questions about each of the drawings. As they keep asking, the map becomes more and more detailed and often has nothing missing. The proportions may change, the type f representation may vary, because it is presented as “they” perceive it, often with the inadequate or non-productive assets being shown smaller. When a wide range of color is available for use in drawing, the community often shows resources dear to them with bright color like red or pink or green!

Steps
•    Just before visiting the working area or field obtain maps of the area
•    Obtain a view from high vantage point (water tank, hill, tree, etc.)
•    Prepare simple outline maps showing key features and landmarks
•    Mark in roads, rivers, canals, schools, offices, etc.
•    Use  appropriate symbols and materials to build on any further information which may be required about assets, group memberships, etc.
•    In the field obtain a special idea or overview through general exploration
•    Obtain local place names
•    Revise the maps and add more detail

Expected output
Once the resource map is ready it serves as the base for discussion for the entire group of villagers. Various aspects for development can be discussed at this map such as the potential location for drinking water, tube wells, school buildings, latrines, etc. The resource map can also be useful in locating hazard points, locating the sick and disabled or even families that need special attention and form where children can be chosen for sponsoring