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Friday, July 26, 2013

Governance Wheel, Democracy and Good Governance

Governance Wheel, Democracy and Good Governance
Goal:    To help the participants in realizing that Good Governance can be ensured by practicing democracy.
Objective:    Just after fishing the session, the session participants capable to:
1.    Explain the Governance Wheel.
2.    Explain Democracy.
3.    Describe the relationships between Democracy and Good Governance.

Duration:    1 hour 45 minutes

Methods:    Snow Ball, Small Group Discussion, Lecturette.

Materials:    Transparency(s)    3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 3.2.4, 3.2.5, 3.2.6
    Handout (s):        3.2.1 – Governance Wheel
            3.2.2 – NGOs, Democratization and Good Governance: The Case of Bangladesh   

Facilitator's Preparation:
Facilitator(s) will read the handout(s) attached with this session guide and prepare himself or herself fully to conduct the session. S/he will also ready the TS to be used in this session.   

Process:    Step I: Define Governance Wheel (15 min)

Ask participants, if they can guess what the term ‘Governance Wheel’ has referred to. Listen to participants responses and wirte some of the key points came up from the participants on a flip chart paper. Now showing the TS 3.2.1, & 3.2.2, explain the ‘Governance Wheel’ saying that ‘Accountability’, ‘Participation’, and ‘Citizenship’ are referred here as the main three wheels of Governance. In a Good Governance situation, all the three wheels function in harmony towards right order to move the State and society towards right direction. Also explain the horizhontal relationship and interdependency of these three wheels citing some examples from our country context. Mention that the elaborate discussion on these three wheels will be made lateron in the session 4.1.

Step II: Define Democracy (30 min)

Divide the large group into pairs. Distribute one VIPP card to each pair. Tell the pair to write a definition of Democracy on the card according to perception. After writing the definition, ask the pairs of participants to share their VIPP cards with the another pair and write a new definition of Democracy on a new VIPP card using the ideas from their respective cards on the basis of consensus. When this task will be finished, ask the four participants in a group to meet with another group of four participants and share their newly developed definition of Democracy. In this way, the eight participants will form a group and write down a definiaiton of democracy on a flip chart paper by exchanging their ideas. In this way, there will be three definitions develpoed by three groups, which will finally merge into one definition of Democracy on the basis of consensus among the three groups. Post the finalized definition of Democracy on the VIPP board and read and interpret it once more clearly. Also show the TS 3.2.3 to define Democracy further from your own context.

Step III: Basic Elements and Features of Democracy (40 min)

Divide the large group into four small groups. Provide two flip chart paper and a marker to each group. Tell them to write down the basic elements of Democracy in one poster and the features or characteristics of Democracy in another flip chart paper. Instruct that the group leaders from each group will present and analyze the flip chart paper in plenary. Allow 15 – 20 minutes to complete group assignment.

At the end of given time, ask the small groups to reconvene into large group and to present their flip charts. After presentation by the four small groups, make a review on similarities and dissimilarities of ideas among the four small groups and develop two final posters on the elements and features of Democracy on the basis of consensus. Also show the TS 3.2.4 & 3.2.5 to clarify the elements and features of Democracy once more.

        Step IV: How Democracy Contributes to Ensure Good Governance (20 min)

Showing the TS 3.2.6, give a short description on the relationship between Democracy as well as Good Governance where the major or key message will be the Democratic practice is the foundation of the Good Governance. 

Ask participants to think about the steps to be followed to establish culture of the democratic. Later write down the participants perception or ideas on a flip chart paper. Discuss the ideas came out from the participants and relate those with present situation of Bangladesh and other countries in this sub-continent. Draw a conclusion by saying that Good Governance is an ideal situation, which is difficult to achieve in its totality. Very few countries have come close to achieving Good Governance in its totality. To ensure sustainable human development, actions must be taken to establish Good Governance in our country, including various social and development institutions. Mention that each and every citizen of the country should have to work jointly and whole heatedly to establish Good Governance in our society. Finally conclude the session distributing the Handout 3.2.1 ‘Governance Wheel’ and 3.2.2 ‘NGOs, Democratization and Good Governance: The Case of Bangladesh’ to each participant.